Volapük Vifik: Lärnod Balid
"A Sound Guide to Volapük"
The Volapük alphabet has 27 letters, namely:
a, ä, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, ö, p, r, s, t, u, ü, v, x, y, z -- 8 vowels and 19 consonants.
The vowels are pronounced in the following manner:
The consonants are pronounced in the following manner:
In Volapük, every single letter must be clearly sounded!
Practie now with the numbers from one to ten:
Practise these words of one syllable:
Words of more than one syllable are always stressed on the last syllable. Practice:
Try 2 consecutive vowels: rein = rain (pronounce: ray-EEN)
One last important point: Try to make a habit of saying each word out loud! You may feel a little self-conscious doing this to start with, but you will soon become familiar with the sounds of the language, not all of which are exactly like the sounds we are accustomed to in English. Furthermore, we gain much more confidence this way!
Now take a look at the following words and say them out loud:
In Volapük there is no separate word for "a" or "an" as there is in English; neither does Volapük use a separate word for "the" except in special circumstances, which will be mentioned later.
As in English, words form plurals simply by adding -s.
Words ending in -ik are adjectives, words ending in -o are adverbs, and words ending in -ön are verbs. Note also how all nouns start and end with a consonant.
1. In Volapük, the suffix -il is appended to words in order to express the idea of smallness. Instead of saying jul smalik, the word julil is shorter and its meaning is the same. On the other hand, a longer way of expressing zifil would be zif smalik.
1a. How would we say in English:
2. Another useful suffix is -an. This denotes a member of a profession, society, country, philosophy or other discipline.
2a. How would you say in Volapük:
3. The personal pronouns in Volapük are:
These words are of course used separately, but here is how they fit into the verbal action! First of all, take any infinitive, remove the final -ön, and proceed accordingly:
3a. Choose a few more verbs and really get used to them, like this.
4. You will notice that vilob (= I want) plus lärnön (= to learn) corresponds exactly to "I want to learn" in English -- vilob lärnön. If we say Ob vilob lärnön, then a great deal of emphasis is being given, because the ob appears twice -- "I want to learn!"
4a. Say in Volapük:
5. Now to the most interesting part! Read the following introductions, and say them out loud. Glidis! is how we say "hello" in Volapük!
Glidis! Binob Samül. Binob studan in niver. Ekö famülans obik: